Rafi-drakitra

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Ny antsoina hoe rafi-drakitra (amin’ny teny anglisy: file system) dia natao hamehezana ny fomba famakiana ary fitahirizana ny angona. Raha tsy nisy rafi-drakitra ny kapila mateza dia ho vatan'angona tsy ahitana ny lohan-tsingan'angona sy ny vodin-tsingan'angona ny fitaovam-pitahirizan'angona. Mora hita ny angona voalamina ary mitondra anarana. Ny fananana rafitra ao amin'ny fitahirizana rakitra dia ahafahana mamantatra ny singan'angona haingana kokoa.

Maro ireo karazana rafi-drakitra. Samy manana ny lôjikany ary ny firafiny izy ireo. Natao hanaovana fampiharana (application) manokana ny rafi-drakitra sasany. Ohatra, ny rafi-drakitra ISO 9660 dia natao ho ampiasaina amin'ny kapila CD.

Tantara[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Nanjavona tsikelikely nanomboka tamin'ny taona 1970 ny karatra lavadavahana, ary nipoitra ireo vondrona fahana-fivoahana arak'andriamby ary ireo diskety valo intsa ary koa ireo arika fitahirizana mateza kokoa

Tamin'ny 1964 dia ny DECtape izay namboarin'ny orinasa DEC dia ahatahirizana angona amin'ny bandy arak'andriamby fa tsy amin'ny karatra lavadavahana.

Karazana rafi-drakitra[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Rafi-drakitra amin'ny arika Flash[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Ny Rafi-drakitra amin'ny arika flash (na flash file system) dia mandraharaha ny fepetra ary ny mahatokana ireo fitaovana mampiasa arika flash.

Rafi-drakitra amin'ny tambajotra[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Ny Rafi-drakitra amin'ny tambajotra na network file system dia rafi-drakitra miasa toa mpanjifa ho ana prôtôkoly ahafaha-mampiasa rakitra ary manome fahafaha-mampiasa ny rakitra eo amina lohamilina. Ny ohatra rafi-drakitra amin'ny tambajotra dia ireo mpanjifa ho an'ny prôtôkôly NFS, AFS na SMB, ary mpanjifa toa rafi-drakitra ho an'i FTP ary WebDAV.

Rafi-draki-kapila zaraina[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Ny rafi-draki-kapila zaraina dia rafi-draktira ahitana milina (matetika lohamilina) manana aksesy amin'ny zana-drafi-kapila ivelany (matetika SAN). Ny rafi-drakitra dia mandidy mikasika ny fampiasana ny zana-drafitra, mba tsy hitrangan'ny fifandonana an-tsoratra. Ohatr'izany dia ireo GFS2 a'i Red Hat, GPFS an'i IBM, SFS ho an'i DataPlow.

Ireo rafi-drakitra[hanova | hanova ny fango]

Rafi-drakitra Mpamorona Taona
nanofohana
Mpandrindra milina voalohany Lisansa
DECtape DEC 1964 PDP-6 Monitor
Level-D DEC 1968 TOPS-10
George3 ICT (later ICL) 1968 George 3
ODS-1 DEC 1972 RSX-11
RT-11 file system DEC 1973 RT-11
DOS (GEC) GEC 1973 Core Operating System
CP/M file system Gary Kildall 1974 CP/M
V6FS Bell Labs 1975 Version 6 Unix
OS4000 GEC 1977 OS4000
FAT (8-bit) Marc McDonald, Microsoft 1977 Microsoft Standalone Disk BASIC-80
DOS 3.x Apple Computer 1978 Apple DOS
Pascal Apple Computer 1978 Apple Pascal
CBM DOS Commodore 1978 BASIC Microsoft (for CBM PET)
V7FS Bell Labs 1979 Version 7 Unix
ODS-2 DEC 1979 OpenVMS
FAT12 Tim Paterson, Seattle Computer Products 1980 QDOS, 86-DOS
AFS Carnegie Mellon University 1982 Multiplatform MultoOS
DFS Acorn Computers Ltd 1982 Acorn BBC Micro MOS
ADFS Acorn Computers Ltd 1983 Acorn Electron (later Arthur RISC OS)
FFS Kirk McKusick 1983 4.2BSD
ProDOS Apple Computer 1983 ProDOS 8
MFS Apple Computer 1984 Mac OS
FAT16 Microsoft, IBM 1984 PC DOS 3.0/MS-DOS 3.0
Elektronika BK NPO "Scientific centre"

(Sitronics ankehitriny)

1985 Vilnius Basic, BK monitor program
HFS Apple Computer 1985 Mac OS
Amiga OFS
Metacomco ho an'i Commodore 1985 Amiga OS
High Sierra Ecma International 1985 MS-DOS, Mac OS
NWFS Novell 1985 NetWare 286
FAT16B Compaq 1987 Compaq MS-DOS 3.31, DR DOS 3.31
MINIX V1 FS Andrew S. Tanenbaum 1987 MINIX 1.0
Amiga FFS Commodore 1988 Amiga OS 1.3
HPFS IBM et Microsoft 1988 OS/2
ISO 9660:1988 Ecma International, Microsoft 1988 MS-DOS, Mac OS, et AmigaOS
JFS1 IBM 1990 AIX[1]
VxFS VERITAS, (Symantec ankehitriny) 1991 namboarina ho an'i Unix System Laboratories, HP-UX[2]
ext Rémy Card 1992 Linux
WAFL NetApp 1992 Data ONTAP
MINIX V2 FS Andrew S. Tanenbaum 1992 MINIX 1.6 ary 2.0
AdvFS DEC 1993[3] Digital Unix
NTFS Version 1.0 Microsoft, Tom Miller, Gary Kimura 1993 Windows NT 3.1 an'ny tompony
LFS Margo Seltzer 1993 Berkeley Sprite
ext2 Rémy Card 1993 Linux, Hurd
UFS1 Kirk McKusick 1994 4.4BSD
XFS SGI 1994 IRIX
HFS (Hierarchical File System) IBM 1994 MVS/ESA (z/OS ankehitriny)
Rock Ridge Young Minds Inc. 1994 Linux, Mac OS, Amiga OS, et FreeBSD
Joliet ("CDFS") Microsoft 1995 Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS,aryFreeBSD
PFS Michiel Pelt 1996 AmigaOS
Romeo Adaptec 1996 Microsoft Windows
UDF ISO/ECMA/OSTA 1995 -
FAT32 Microsoft 1996 Windows 95b[4]
QFS LSC Inc, Sun Microsystems 1996 Solaris
GPFS IBM 1996 AIX, Linux, Windows
Be File System Be Inc., D. Giampaolo, C. Meurillon 1996 BeOS
HFS Plus Apple Computer 1998 Mac OS 8.1
NSS Novell 1998 NetWare 5
PolyServe File System (PSFS) PolyServe 1998 Windows, Linux
ODS-5 DEC 1998 OpenVMS 7.2
SFS John Hendrikx 1998 AmigaOS, AROS, MorphOS
ext3 Stephen Tweedie 1999 Linux
ISO 9660:1999 Ecma International, Microsoft 1999 Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, ary AmigaOS
JFS IBM 1999 OS/2 Warp Server ho an'i e-business
GFS Sistina (Red Hat) 2000 Linux
Melio FS Sanbolic 2001 Windows
NTFS Version 3.1 Microsoft 2001 Windows XP an'ny tompony
ReiserFS Namesys 2001 Linux
zFS IBM 2001 z/OS (backported to OS/390)
FATX Microsoft 2002 Xbox
UFS2 Kirk McKusick 2002 FreeBSD 5.0
Lustre Cluster File Systems (Oracle Corporation taty aoriana) 2002 Linux
OCFS Oracle Corporation 2002 Linux
VMFS2 VMware 2002 VMware ESX Server 2.0
ext3cow Zachary Peterson 2003 Linux
Fossil Bell Labs 2003 Plan 9 from Bell Labs 4
Google File System Google 2003 Linux
PramFS MontaVista 2003 Linux
Reliance[5] Datalight 2003 Windows CE, VxWorks, custom ports
VxCFS VERITAS, (Symantec ankehitriny) 2004 AIX, HP-UX, Solaris, Linux
ZFS Sun Microsystems 2004 Solaris CDDL
Reiser4 Namesys 2004 Linux
Non-Volatile File System Palm, Inc. 2004 Palm OS Garnet
MINIX V3 FS Andrew S. Tanenbaum 2005 MINIX 3
OCFS2 Oracle Corporation 2005 Linux
NILFS NTT 2005 Linux
VMFS3 VMware 2005 VMware ESX Server 3.0
GFS2 Red Hat 2006 Linux
ext4 Various 2006 Linux
exFAT Microsoft 2006, 2009 Windows CE 6.0, Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1 an'ny tompony
TexFAT/TFAT Microsoft 2006 Windows CE 6.0
Btrfs Oracle Corporation 2007 Linux GPL
Ceph Sage Weil, Inktank Storage, Red Hat 2007, 2012 Linux
WBFS kwiirk ary Waninkoko (Wii homebrew) 2008 Wii
HAMMER Matthew Dillon 2008 DragonFly BSD
Tux3 Maro 2008 Linux
UBIFS Nokia with help of University of Szeged 2008 Linux
Oracle ACFS Oracle Corporation 2009 Linux - Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 sy Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 ihany
Reliance Nitro[5] Datalight 2009 Windows CE, Windows Mobile, VxWorks, Linux
LTFS IBM 2010 Linux, Mac OS X, microsof Microsoft Windows, LGPL
IlesfayFS Ilesfay Technology Group 2011 Microsoft Windows, planned Red Hat Enterprise Linux
VMFS5 VMware 2011 VMware ESXi 5.0tux 3 stats
ReFS Microsoft 2012, 2013 Windows Server 2012
Lanyard Filesystem Dan Luedtke 2012 Linux
F2FS Samsung 2012 Linux GPLv2
Rafi-drakitra Mpamorona Taona nanofohana Mpandrindra mililna niaviana Lisansa

Jereo koa[hanova | hanova ny fango]

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  1. IBM introduced JFS with the initial release of AIX Version 3.1 in 1990. This file system now called JFS1. The new JFS, ported from OS/2 to AIX and Linux, was first shipped in OS/2 Warp Server for e-Business in 1999. It was released as JFS2 on AIX 5L.
  2. through OEM agreement
  3. Endrika:Ouvrage
  4. Microsoft first introduced FAT32 in Windows 95 OSR2 (OEM Service Release 2) and then later in Windows 98. NT-based Windows did not have any support for FAT32 up to Windows NT4; Windows 2000 was the first NT-based Windows OS that received the ability to work with it.
  5. 5,0 et 5,1 Specifications for the Reliance file systems are available here [1].