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English: Studio publicity portrait for film Sabrina.

Loharano Dr. Macro
Mpamorona azy film studio

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Public domain
Cette œuvre est dans le domaine public car elle a été publiée aux États-Unis entre 1924 et 1963 et, qu'il y eut ou non un avis de copyright, ce copyright n'a pas été renouvelé. À moins que son auteur ne soit décédé depuis suffisamment longtemps, il reste "copyrighté" dans les pays ou lieux qui n'appliquent pas la règle du terme le plus court pour les œuvres américaines, comme l'Allemagne (70 ans), le Canada (50 ans), la Chine continentale (50 ans ; sauf pour Hong-Kong et Macao), le Mexique (100 ans), la Suisse (70 ans), et d'autres pays avec des traités individuels. Voir Commons:Hirtle chart pour davantage d'explications.

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Additional source information: This is a publicity photo taken to promote a film actor. As stated by film production expert Eve Light Honthaner in The Complete Film Production Handbook, (Focal Press, 2001 p. 211.):

"Publicity photos (star headshots) have traditionally not been copyrighted. Since they are disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain, and therefore clearance by the studio that produced them is not necessary."

Nancy Wolff, includes a similar explanation:

"There is a vast body of photographs, including but not limited to publicity stills, that have no notice as to who may have created them." (The Professional Photographer's Legal Handbook By Nancy E. Wolff, Allworth Communications, 2007, p. 55.)

Film industry author Gerald Mast, in Film Study and the Copyright Law (1989) p. 87, writes:

"According to the old copyright act, such production stills were not automatically copyrighted as part of the film and required separate copyrights as photographic stills. The new copyright act similarly excludes the production still from automatic copyright but gives the film's copyright owner a five-year period in which to copyright the stills. Most studios have never bothered to copyright these stills because they were happy to see them pass into the public domain, to be used by as many people in as many publications as possible."

Kristin Thompson, committee chairperson of the for Cinema and Media Studies writes in the conclusion of a 1993 conference with cinema scholars and editors, that they "expressed the opinion that it is not necessary for authors to request permission to reproduce frame enlargements. . . [and] some trade presses that publish educational and scholarly film books also take the position that permission is not necessary for reproducing frame enlargements and publicity photographs."[1]

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Transféré de en.wikipedia à Commons par El Matador.

La page de description originale était ici. Tous les noms d'utilisateur qui suivent se rapportent à en.wikipedia.
  • 2010-11-05 05:12 Wikiwatcher1 1004×1238× (142226 bytes) fix image
  • 2010-11-05 05:10 Wikiwatcher1 1004×1238× (142226 bytes) {{commons ok}} {{Information |Description = Studio publicity portrait for film ''Sabrina'' |Date = 1954 |Source =[,%20Audrey/Annex/Annex%20-%20Hepburn,%20Audrey%20(Sabrina)_21.jpg Dr. Macro]

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Daty sy orasaritapakaHabeMpikambanaresaka
ankehitriny9 Aprily 2011 à 21:30Vignette ho an'ny 9 Aprily 2011 à 21:301 004 × 1 238 (139 Kio)El Matador{{Information |Description={{en|Studio publicity portrait for film ''Sabrina''.}}<br/> |Source=Transferred from [ en.wikipedia]; transfer was stated to be made by User:El Matador.<br/> (Original text : ''[http://www.doctormacro.

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